Of particular note is the increasing intensity of extreme weather events, resulting in severe damage to the region’s socioeconomic resource base.
CARICOM countries have considerable concerns about the severe threats posed by a changing climate to their development prospects and have come to the conclusion that both mitigation and adaptation options will require a significant and sustained investment of resources that the Member States will be unable to provide on their own.
These concerns are reflected in the Liliendaal Declaration which the CARICOM Heads of Government endorsed at their meeting in Guyana in July 2009 (Annex 6). The Liliendaal Declaration defines the national and international position of the CARICOM Member States and makes a number of declarations which can only be delivered by transformational change. These declarations include:
Long-term stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations at levels which will ensure that global average surface temperature increases will be limited to below 1.5 °C of preindustrial levels; that global GHG emissions should peak by 2015; and ultimately reducing GHG emissions by more than 95% of 1990 CO2 levels by 2050.
Adaptation and capacity-building must be prioritized and a formal and well-financed framework established within and outside the UNFCCC to address the immediate and urgent, as well as long-term, adaptation needs of vulnerable countries, particularly the Small Islands and Lowlying Coastal Developing States (SIDS) and the Least Developed Countries (LDCs).
The need for financial support to SIDS to enhance their capacities to respond to the challenges brought on by climate change and to access the technliogies that will be required to undertake needed mitigation actions and to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change.
In the Declaration, the Heads of Government expressed grave concern that the region’s efforts to promote sustainable development and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are under severe threat from the devastating effects of climate change and sea level rise. Of particular note is the increasing intensity of extreme weather events, resulting in severe damage to the region’s socioeconomic resource base. The Declaration emphasized that dangerous climate change is already occurring in all SIDS regions including the Caribbean requiring urgent ambitious and decisive action by CARICOM States and by the international community.