On 9 November 2006 the Jewish community in Jamaica celebrated its 350th anniversary, delayed by one year in order to mark the opening of a Jamaican Jewish Heritage Centre built adjacent to the Kingston synagogue.
Jews arrive in Jamaica from the 16th century when it is settled by Spain. With the coming of British rule and freedom to practice their religion, Jewish numbers grow and they prosper, despite extra taxation resulting from their success in trade. With emancipation in 1931 Jews start to take a notable role in Jamaican politics. It was only after the Second World War that numbers of the community went into sharp decline with emigration to the Americas and Europe. Today, there is still an active but small Jewish community.